Zoologist, media consultant, and science writer, Dr Karl Shuker is also one of the best known cryptozoologists in the world. He is the author of such seminal works as Mystery Cats of the World (1989), The Lost Ark: New and Rediscovered Animals of the 20th Century (1993; greatly expanded in 2012 as The Encyclopaedia of New and Rediscovered Animals), Dragons: A Natural History (1995), In Search of Prehistoric Survivors (1995), The Unexplained (1996), From Flying Toads To Snakes With Wings (1997), Mysteries of Planet Earth (1999), The Hidden Powers of Animals (2001), The Beasts That Hide From Man (2003), Extraordinary Animals Revisited (2007), Dr Shuker's Casebook (2008), Karl Shuker's Alien Zoo: From the Pages of Fortean Times (2010), Cats of Magic, Mythology, and Mystery (2012), Mirabilis: A Carnival of Cryptozoology and Unnatural History (2013), Dragons in Zoology, Cryptozoology, and Culture (2013), The Menagerie of Marvels (2014), A Manifestation of Monsters (2015), Here's Nessie! (2016), and what is widely considered to be his cryptozoological magnum opus, Still In Search Of Prehistoric Survivors (2016) - plus, very excitingly, his first two long-awaited, much-requested ShukerNature blog books (2019, 2020).

Dr Karl Shuker's Official Website - http://www.karlshuker.com/index.htm

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Sunday 16 February 2020


Publicity poster for Border, featuring Eva Melander as Tina (© Ali Abbasi/John Ajvide Lindqvist/META Film/Black Spark Film & TV/Karnfilm/TriArt Film – reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis for educational and review purposes only)

Last night, I watched a very strange Scandinavian fantasy movie, made in Sweden, but it was strange for all the right reasons. Entitled 'Border', it was directed by Ali Abbasi, produced by META Film/Black Spark Film & TV/Karnfilm, and released by TriArt Film in 2018. I'd wanted to see it for ages, but it only received limited cinema release here in the UK despite being an Academy Award nominee. Happily, however, I recently managed to purchase it on DVD.

Based upon an original short story entitled 'Gräns', written by John Ajvide Lindqvist, who also wrote this movie version's screenplay, 'Border' tells the story of a shy Swedish customs/border guard named Tina, whose decidedly homely physical appearance belies her remarkable gift for quite literally sniffing out human emotions, enabling her to detect by olfactory means if a person is feeling guilt, shame, anxiety, or other normally concealed traits. Needless to say, this unusual talent proves very useful in identifying incoming visitors to Sweden who are smuggling contraband or worse.

Always ill at ease with other people, Tina is only truly at peace when alone in the forest, among Nature - until an equally strange and homely-looking man named Vore appears on the scene, and to whom she is instantly attracted, especially when she discovers that just like her, he bears a mysterious scar at the base of his spine, as if something has been surgically removed, something like a tail...? Those readers of this mini-review who are au fait with Scandinavian mythology and/or manbeast-related cryptozoology will no doubt have already guessed where this plot is going. Suffice it to say that Tina finally learns the shocking truth that although they are humanoid, she and Vore are not human. But more shocks are to come, especially in relation both to a very disturbing investigation that she is involved in as part of her work, and also to her origin.

See the present ShukerNature article's Postscript to read the story of this delightful 'Border'-relevant entity (© Dr Karl Shuker)

This movie at times makes for very dark, bleak, desolate, and quite merciless but also very compelling viewing, its otherworldliness holding my interest and attention at all times, although the penultimate scene, when Tina finally visits the past that had been hidden from her throughout her life, is truly heart-rending. Having read a great deal on the subject of the entities that Tina and Vore are, I have to say that I strongly suspect that this movie's makers took great liberties when it came to depicting certain aspects relating to their, shall we say, procreative anatomy and behaviour, but perhaps I am simply ill-informed here (if I am, I hope that my Scandinavian friends and colleagues will educate me accordingly!).

Ideally, 'Border' could benefit from being dubbed into English, but its English subtitles more than adequately suffice, especially as the acting prowess of its two leading stars (Eva Melander as Tina, Eero Milonoff as Vore) is of such quiet (and occasionally not so quiet) intensity that very often words are not required, their visual strength is more than sufficient to tell the audience all that it needs to know. All in all, 'Border' is quite simply unlike any movie that I have ever seen before, truly bewitching, often disturbing, and ineffably sad, a very unexpected example of humanity's inhumanity to those who are different, for whatever reason. As for anyone who hasn't seen this movie but would like to know the true nature of Tina and Vore, let's just say that those who enjoy insulting, demeaning, and arguing with others on social media provide a major clue, albeit in name only - think about it...

Finally, please click here to view a trailer for 'Border' that is currently accessible on YouTube.

Another publicity poster for Border, featuring Eva Melander as Tina and Eero Milonoff as Vore (© Ali Abbasi/John Ajvide Lindqvist/META Film/Black Spark Film & TV/Karnfilm/TriArt Film – reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis for educational and review purposes only)

If you don't want to discover what Tina and Vore were in 'Border', read no further!

About 13 years ago, I was walking round a local car boot sale at the end, while all of the sellers were packing away their unsold wares, ready to go home, when, lying amidst a forlorn pile of unsold items discarded by various sellers, and staring up at me disconsolately, was the delightful plush-furred, tufted-tailed, Scandinavian troll pictured in the two photographs included above and below by me in this present ShukerNature blog article.

I knew full well that, just like all discarded items there, his fate was to be loaded onto a lorry by one of the car boot sale's litter pickers and then tipped onto a fire and burnt. Needless to say, therefore, without further ado I picked him up, and found that he was perfectly clean and intact, but unwanted by his owner and unchosen by any of the buyers at the sale. So I duly took him back home with me. Ever since my rescuing him from his destined fiery fate, he has sat very happily upon a pile of postcards and CDs in my study, surveying his surroundings and clearly very content to be here, just as I am to have been able to save him and add him to my eclectic menagerie.

Don't you just love a happy ending!!

Rescued from a fiery fate! (© Dr Karl Shuker)


  1. Shortly after I'd uploaded this mini-review onto my Facebook page earlier today (before trsnsforming it into the present ShukerNature article), a longstanding Facebook friend from Sweden, Håkan Lindh, who like me has a keen interest in Scandinavian folklore and folkloric entities, posted the following fascinating comment underneath my mini-review, which may well shine some much-needed light upon the very curious, ostensibly unprecedented manner of procreation exhibited by the entities as represented by Tina and Vore in 'Border', so I am posting his greatly-welcomed comment herewith:
    "Well, you are right in that John Ajvide Lindqvist took some liberties about that compared to the folklore. I don´t know for sure, but it may be inspired by the connection with Loki in old norse sources with beings of this kind. One poem, The Song of Hyndla, states " A heart ate Loki,-- | in the embers it lay,
    And half-cooked found he | the woman's heart;--
    With child from the woman | Loki soon was,
    And thence among men | came the monsters all". And Loki changing sex happens at least once more in the myths, so perhaps the inspiration comes from that."

  2. Interesting, love your little rescued troll by the way!
    Have there ever been any actual sightings of troll-like creatures in Scandinavia (or anywhere else) outside of folklore?

    1. Thanks! I blogged a few years ago about an interesting notion emanating from Scandinavia itself that trolls do indeed exist but nowadays have infiltrated into modern human society - thereby preceding by some time the very same theme pursued in Border. You can access my article here: https://karlshuker.blogspot.com/2011/01/for-whom-bell-trolls.html

  3. Doc, I think in the original story Lindqvist has Tina and Vore as being Hulder rather than Trolls, Hence the tails and the resemblence of your plush that you refer to as a Troll. Hulder are not regarded as Trolls in Scandanavian folklore as far as I know, but I may be wrong. Thanks for the article, you may want to check out Lidqvist's other works, he wrote Let The Right One In, which has been filmed twice, and several of his short stories feature Fortean and Cryptozoological elements.

    1. Hi Stu, Thanks for your info, but I am persnally not convinced by a hulderfolk rather than a troll identity for Tina and Vore. This is because whereas, according to Scandinavian folklore, the male hulder (known specifically as a huldrekall) is indeed homely, often to the point of being downright hideous, the female hulder (huldra) is generally extremely beautiful and exceedingly seductive, which with the best will in the world is hardly how one might describe Tina.

    2. Moreover, the final word re whether 'Border' concerns trolls or Hulderfolk must surely belong to my previously-mentioned Swedish friend Håkan Lindh, who posted this very precise clarification on my Facebook timeline yesterday:
      "Ah...trolls or huldrefolk.... Well, since the movie is Swedish and deals with Swedish folklore it is a pretty easy thing to answer: trolls! Huldra or huldrefolk is a Norwegian term, completly unknown in Swedish or Swedish folklore. Scandinavian folklore varies a great deal, not only between different countries but inside each country too. The pictures of trolls spread in fantasy literature or children's books have very little or nothing in common with the trolls people here really believed in once, but this movie/short story stays closer to the original folklore than expected."